Endocrine System
Endocrine Gland and its _ Associated Hormone(s) Targets Main Actions Chemical Category
HYPOTHALAMUS
Corticotropin-releasing hormone Pituitary Gland Stimulates the release of ACTH from the anterior pituitary Peptide
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone Pituitary Gland Stimulates the release of LH and FSH from the anterior pituitary Peptide
Growth hormone-releasing hormone Pituitary Gland Stimulates the release of GH from the anterior pituitary Peptide
ANTERIOR PITUITARY
Growth Hormone (GH) Numerous Organs Stimulates growth of muscle/bone/other tissues and helps regulate metabolism Protein
Luteinizing Hormone (LH) Gonads Male: stimulates testosterone release from testis
Female: stimulates ovulation and corpus luteum formation
Glycoprotein
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) Gonads Male: stimulates spermatogenesis
Female: stimulates development of ovarian follicles
Glycoprotein
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) Adrenal Gland Controls production and secretion of hormones by the adrenal glands Peptide
ADRENAL MEDULLA
Epinephrine Muscle, blood vessels Increases heart rate, vasodilation, dilation of airway passages (increase respiratory rate) Amino Acid derivative
Norepinephrine Muscle, blood vessels Increases heart rate, increases muscle readiness, increases energy release from fat Amino Acid derivative
ADRENAL CORTEX
Cortisol Numerous Organs Decrease bone formation, maintains normal BP, increase glucose output from the liver Steroid
Dehydroepiandosterone (DHEA) Numerous Organs Enhances immune function, maintenance of normal hormone levels Steroid
OVARY
Estradiol (estrogen) Numerous Organs Stimulates 2° sex characteristics, monthly preparation of uterus, growth of sex organs at puberty Steroid
TESTIS
Testosterone Numerous Organs Stimulates 2° sex characteristics, stimulates spermatogenesis, growth spurt at puberty, growth of sex organs Steroid
Unless otherwise stated, the content of this page is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License